As we all know, moisturizer is a cosmetic preparation that can be used for protecting, moisturizing, and lubricating the skin. This product is here to help us to have a smooth and soft skin. Some people think that the moisturizer ingredient are responsible for the skin to be moist and smooth but this is just part of the truth!.
Our skin cells need water and moisture to be healthy, without water they would get damaged and die. The best way to protect our skin cells is to keep water on our skin. This is the part that moisturizers can help. The basic function of moisturizers is to help treat your skin when it’s dry and prevent it from drying out again. Actually moisturizers attract and trap existing water in the skin. A good moisturizer contains humectants, ceramides and/or emollients that lock water in the outer layer of the skin, giving any damaged cells a chance to repair.
It can get a little confusing with all the different moisturizers out there, so how do you know which one is right for you and which one is not? To understand the best type for you, you need to read on because we are going to talk about each type of them and these information can help you to choose the best moisturizer.
Moisturizers can be categorized into these types:
– Humectants (Moisture Absorbers)
– Emollients (Space Fillers)
– Occlusives (Moisture Sealers)
– Ceramides (Glue)
A humectant is a hygroscopic substance used to keep things moist. this ingredient can be found in lotions and cleansers that hydrate the skin by attracting water molecules like a magnet. It is capable of absorbing moisture from the air and drawing them up from the lower layers of your skin to the outermost layers.
Some examples of humectant:
Propylene glycol, hexylene glycol, and butylene glycol
Aloe vera gel
Alpha hydroxy acids such as lactic acid
Egg yolk and egg white
Emollients fill in any spaces or gaps between skin cells that are missing moisturizing lipids. Moisturizers containing this ingredient are great for normal, dry, and combination skin types. They are derived from plants and minerals that contain lipids (aka fatty acids) which already naturally help form the structure of your skin.
Some examples of Emollients:
pyrrolidine carboxylic acid
Occlusives serve as a physical barrier to help prevent water loss from the skin’s surface, while protecting the skin from external irritants. Occlusive agents are heavy in nature and are usually recommended more for the body and not as much for the face. this is more recommended for mature, dehydrated, dry skin types.
Some examples of Occlusives:
Ceramides are not technically moisturizing ingredients but they’re very similar and are often included within formulations. You can think of them as the family of lipid molecules acting as the “glue” holding the structure of your skin together. By replenishing the skin with lost ceramides, it is better able to retain moisture.
We hope this topic could help you choosing the right type of moisturizing product and next time you search for the perfect moisturizer, keep these things in mind.